Department of Environmental Sciences

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Seminar Abstracts
Environmental Sciences Seminar Abstract            

  Climate Change Mitigation Strategies of India
Shalini Sharma
Centre for Climate Change, Engineering Staff College of India

A guiding national strategy that addresses India's development concerns and mitigation & adaptation challenges has been laid out as National Action Plan on Climate Change, Prime Minister's Council for Climate Change, Government of India (2008). It consist of eight National Missions as below:

  1. National Solar Mission (NSM)
  2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE);
  3. National Mission for a Green India (GIM)
  4. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH)
  5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Eco-system (NMSHE)
  6. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
  7. National Water Mission (NWM)
  8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change(NMSKCC)

Out of these eight missions, 2 missions are based on mitigation action i.e. National Solar mission (NSM) and National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE).

NSM has been launched with the aim of meeting most of energy requirement thru renewable resources. NMEEE is established with aim of directing industries to become energy efficient and reducing GHG emissions. These both missions have national market mechanism, which incentivize the promotion of these activities in India.

Other five GIM, NMSH, NMSHE, NMSA, NWM are 'Adaptation Missions' and the last one Strategic Knowledge Dissemination Mission is for nationwide capacity building on adaptation and mitigation measures.

Other Steps taken for green house gas mitigation in India are:

  1. Change in Lifestyle- Implemented for general public
    1. Banning wide use of polythene
    2. Increasing fuel price
    3. Use of LPG / CNG for transportation
  2. Private landuse for plantation
  3. Promoting green building construction
  4. Retrofits in power plants
  5. Formulating new policies for actions in different areas Eg. Policies from Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprise etc.

Though per capita emission of India is as less as 1.4 to 3.8 T (in different kind of areas) but hard times of global warming need hard decisions and Indian Government has taken up hard decision in form of imposing strict environmental requirements for sectors that are basically responsible for growth. Even urgent need of expansion in power and mining sectors for growth of economy, has not led to compromise on environmental regulatory front. These steps are potential blocks in development and arresting climate change. They need to be enabled for growth by financial, technological and knowledge providence by the developed world.

Last updated: 08/30/2012